As soon as I harvest in the fall I start digging for the winter. I turn over the soil one spade deep in all the gardens except where there are perennials. It is necessary to expose the clay soil to the frost of winter which breaks down the clayey structure leaving the dirt very plyable and easy to till in the spring when it dries out.

It also makes weed control easier, and control of such plants as raspberries which have the tendency to spread by root shoots.

After all the rain it is a heavy job, but easier when a thin layer of frost makes the clay less sticky. I’m often not done until Christmas.